Gingival Diseases

Why do gingival diseases occur?

Gingival (peridontal) diseases are regarded as one of the most common group of the diseases of the mouth cavity. Dental plaque (biofilm) that forms on the tooth is the principal cause of both tooth decay and gingival diseases. These diseases can be prevented as long as the plaque is removed regularly by the patient. However, if the plaque cannot be removed from the tooth surface, infection can lead to tooth loss by involving the gum followed by all connective tissues.

What are the gingival diseases?

Gingival diseases range from simple gingivitis to infections that thin the jaw bones and cause teeth loss (periodontitis). One of the most important signs of gingival disease is gingival bleeding or bleeding gums, which is easily recognized by the person. Gums bleed while brushing teeth, eating hard foods and sometimes spontaneously.

Symptoms of Gingival Disease

  • Bleeding gum during tooth brushing
  • Red, swollen and tender gums.
  • Gums that can easily separate from teeth.
  • Inflammatory discharge between teeth and gums.
  • Teeth that get loosen and separate from each other
  • Chronic bad breathe (halitosis)

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